United States

In the United States, paternity testing is fully legal, and fathers may test their children without the consent or knowledge of the mother. Collection sites and Laboratories offer this service as well Paternity testing take-home kits are readily available for purchase, though their results are not admissible in court, and are for personal knowledge only.

Only a court-ordered paternity test may be used as evidence in court proceedings. If parental testing is being submitted for legal purposes, including immigration, testing must be ordered through a lab that has AABB accreditation for relationship DNA testing.

The legal implications of a parentage result test vary by state and according to whether the putative parents are unmarried or married. If a parentage test does not meet forensic standards for the state in question, a court-ordered test may be required for the results of the test to be admissible for legal purposes. For unmarried parents, if a parent is currently receiving child support or custody, but DNA proves that the man is not the father, later on, the support automatically stops; however, in many states, this testing must be performed during a narrow window of time if a voluntary acknowledgment of parentage form has already been signed by the putative father; otherwise, the results of the test may be disregarded by law, and in many cases, a man may be required to pay child support, even though the child is biologically unrelated. In a few states, if the mother is receiving the support, then that alleged father has the right to file a lawsuit to get back any money that he lost from paying support. As of 2011, and in most states, unwed parents confronted with a voluntary acknowledgment of parentage form are informed of the possibility and right to request a DNA paternity test. If testing is refused by the mother, the father may not be required to sign the birth certificate or the voluntary acknowledgment of parentage form for the child. For wedded putative parents, the husband of the mother is presumed to be the father of the child. However, in most states, this presumption can be overturned by the application of a forensic paternity test, but in many states, the time for overturning this presumption may be limited to the first few years of the child’s life, depending on the law of the state in question.

 

Note:*articles on this blog/newsletter are for informational purposes only , articles does not represent any opinion of our company in regards of the subject and do not constitute medical advice,source article from partner’s laboratories, information not guarantee in the events of errors.